a railway station located in the
Arakawa Ward of Tokyo. It is served
by the Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (with
two elevated side platforms), the
JR East Joban Line (with an elevated
island platform), and the Metropolitan
Intercity Railway Tsukuba Express
(with two underground side platforms).
is located in the southeastern part
of Tokyo's northern ward of Arakawa.
It is one of the poorer sections
of the city with mainly laborers
living in the area. The reason for
the impoverished residents in the
area goes back to the Edo period
(the history of the area goes back
to the fourteenth century) – the
Edo rulers believed that the evil
forces came from the northeast.
Minami-Senju being located in the
northeast of Edo, came within the
region, and as a result only poor
laborers lived there. Although it
still remains predominantly poor,
the area has seen some major developments
in the recent years.
is mainly known for its Kozukappara
(sometimes written as Kotsukappara)
Execution Grounds. Located just
3 minutes from Minami-Senju Station,
the grounds were one of the three
sites of Edo, where the Shogunate
(1650-1873) executed criminals.
It is believed that more than 200,000
people have been executed at Kozukappara.
In the 1700s medical students and
doctors also studied anatomy here
by dissecting the executed bodies.
Executions were stopped during the
Meiji period to convince Western
powers for equal treaties with Japan.
Today, a large part of the grounds,
which were once the size of a football
field, are covered by railway tracks.
next to the grounds is Enmeiji
Temple . Its history also
goes as far back as that of the Execution
Grounds. The temple grounds were used
to bury the bodies of those executed
…. sometimes just barely covering
them with sand so birds and animals
could pick on the remains. A Buddha
statue, called the “ Kubikiri
Jizo ” or the “ Neck
chop Jizo ”, stands in the
temple compound. This 3.6 meter high
statue was erected in 1741 to offer
solace to the executed ones.