Station is located in the
Marunouchi district of Chiyoda Ward
of Tokyo near the Imperial Palace
grounds. It is the main intercity
rail terminal in Tokyo and the busiest
in terms of number of trains per
day (over 4,000), the second-largest
after Shinjuku Station, and the
third-busiest in terms of the number
of passengers using the station
everyday after Shinjuku and Ikebukuro.
Station is served by several local
and regional commuter lines of Japan
Railway and is connected to the
Tokyo Subway. It is also the starting
point and terminus for most of Shinkansen
lines that pass through or terminate
at Tokyo Station are the East Japan
Railway Company Chuo, Keihin-Tohoku,
Keiyo, Sobu, Tokaido Main, Yamanote,
Yokosuka, Tohoku Shinkansen, Yamagata
Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Joetsu
Shinkansen, and Nagano Shinkansen
Lines; the Central Japan Railway
Company Tokaido Shinkansen; and
the Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line.
Station is connected to Otemachi
Station through a series of underground
passageways. The station is also
a major intercity bus terminal with
services to several cities in the
Kanto, Kansai, and Tohoku regions.
main station consists of 10 platforms
of 20 tracks which are raised above
street level and run in a north-south
direction. Below these platforms
is the main concourse which runs
in an east-west direction. The Shinkansen
Lines are on the east side of the
station. Five stories below ground
level on the west side of the station
are the two Sobu/Yokosuka line platforms
serving four tracks. Four stories
below ground level on the south
side of the station are the two
Keiyo line platforms which serve
the platforms are inter-linked by
means of an extensive system of
underground passageways which merge
with surrounding commercial buildings
and shopping centers.
Marunouchi side of Tokyo Station
has preserved its original architecture.
Built in 1914, this red brick station
building was modeled on the Amsterdam
Central Station and is a sight in
itself. There is a special entrance
in the middle of the Marunouchi
side which is opened only for state
guests and the Imperial Family.
the Tokyo Station are a large shopping
area, event halls, coffee shops,
restaurants, an art gallery, and
Station is situated in the district
of Marunouchi ,
which is the area facing the Imperial
Palace between Hibiya and Otemachi.
As one of the largest and most prestigious
business districts in the world,
Marunouchi is the center of Japan's
economy. Over 4,100 companies and
financial institutions are concentrated
here, besides the many government
Marunouchi is on the west side of
the station, on the east side is
Yaesu . All the
high-speed Shinkansen Lines terminate
on this side of Tokyo Station. Yaesu
side is also where the inter-city
bus stop is located, and also where
the Daimaru department store is.
landmark structure, Marunouchi Building,
or ‘Marubiru' as it is popularly
known, is located in front of Tokyo
Station. Marunouchi Building
was originally opened in 1923 and
soon became a status symbol for
Japan. It later was reconstructed
and reopened in 2002.
new Building retained its original
8-story podium, but built a new
31-story tower atop the podium.
Shops and restaurants are located
on the podium floors, as well as
the top two floors of the tower.
Offices and business and event facilities
occupy the rest of the floors. There
are also four subterranean levels,
which provide retail space, pedestrian
connections to Tokyo station, and
is today a landmark building and
the main attraction of the Marunouchi
district. It draws thousands of
visitors each day. Besides the many
tourists and non-business persons,
many people who work in the district
also frequent the place to use the
wide range of Marubiru's facilities.
Oazu is another prominent complex
of the area located just north of
Tokyo Station. The Oazu commercial
complex consists of five buildings,
housing restaurants, bars, shops
and offices. Four floors of the
main building are occupied by Maruzen,
one of Japan's largest bookstores.
The top ten floors of the building
house Marunouchi Hotel.
Imperial Palace is the residence
of the Imperial Family. It is located
just a 5-minute walk from the Tokyo
Station Marunouchi Exit.
Imperial Palace stands on the grounds
that were once occupied by Edo Castle.
Edo Castle was the seat of the Tokugawa
shogun, who ruled Japan from 1603
to 1867. In 1868, the shogunate
was overthrown and the Imperial
Family moved in here from Kyoto.
In 1888, the Palace was reconstructed
for the Imperial Family. During
the World War II bombardments, the
palace was completely destroyed,
but was later rebuilt in the same
style and design. Rebuilding was
completed in 1968.
main Palace buildings are surrounded
by gardens. There is a large park
around this area which in turn is
surrounded by moats, and then by
massive stone walls. The main Palace
and the Inner Gardens are closed
to the public. The closest one can
get for a view of the Palace is
to the Nijubashi Bridge
, a wooden bridge built
in 1888. Long a symbol of Tokyo,
the Nijubashi Bridge is a beautiful
scene and a popular place for tourists
to pose for souvenir photographs.
The general public is allowed to
cross this bridge and enter the
inner grounds only twice a year
– January 1 st (New Year) and December
23 rd (Emperor's birthday) when
the Imperial Family makes an appearance
on a palace balcony.
only part of the Imperial Palace
that is open to the public is the
Imperial East Gardens (Kokyo Higashi
Gyoen) are the only part of the
inner area of the Imperial Palace
that is open to the public. This
area was formerly the site of Edo
Castle's main circle (honmaru) and
secondary circle (ninomaru), but
none of the main buildings remain
today. What remains is the foundation
of the castle tower on top of the
hill where the castle's inner buildings
were. The only structures of the
Edo period that have been retained
are the moats, walls, entrance gates
and some guardhouses. At the foot
of the hill, where the other buildings
stood, is where the beautiful Japanese
Imperial East Garden has been created.
Japanese East Garden was opened
to the public in 1968. The garden,
with its wide green lawns, has been
landscaped in the Japanese style.
The place is particularly beautiful
from the end of April to the beginning
of May when the plum, cherry, and
azalea trees are in full bloom.